Many of our clients wish to work during their stay in Germany. Some wish to have job experience and some just need the money.
It is important that the study is not neglected. For the assessment of social insurance, it is important that the student is “properly registered” and enrolled. The study must be at the forefront and the student must be mainly devoted to the study.
During the semester, the work week must not exceed 20 hours. Exceptions to this may be, if you are working mainly on weekends or in the evening and night hours. It is different in the semester break, during which period, there is no time restriction.
According to immigration law, foreign students are authorized to work. The period is limited to 120 days or 240 half days. This does include the preparatory period during the first year of the stay. Please see § Paragraph16 passage 3 of the Residence Act.
Mini jobs are often called 450-Euro-Jobs. With mini-jobs the pay is crucial. The income must be below 450, – EUR per month. It is very important that in the assessment of social security, all the adjacent low-paid jobs shall be totaled up. If 450, – EUR limit is exceeded, then it is no longer a mini job. If the study remains the main purpose (main occupation), then only contributions have to be paid to the state pension scheme.
If the student is with a state health insurance, then the employer must pay a fixed amount to the state health insurance and the state pension insurance. For persons who are privately insured or persons who are insured through MAWISTA in a travel health insurance, the employer does not have to pay any health insurance premiums.
If during the course of study, an internship is compulsory and prescribed in the study and examination regulations, then the salary is always exempt from social security. As proof, the employer has to submit a certificate of enrollment.
If it is a non-mandatory internship but in line with the success of study and the wages are less than 450, – EUR per month then social insurance contributions do not have to be paid. However, it must concern the first desired degree, an example; a PhD does not come in this category.
An internship before or after the study is not considered as a social-security-free internship.
If the job is limited to the summer break, the number of hours of work per week does not matter and no contributions have to be made towards state health care insurance, the state nursing care insurance and the state unemployment insurance. This is only valid for short-term employment of less than 60 calendar days or 50 working days per year. When the 60 calendar days or 50 working days late are crossed or the earnings of 450, – EUR per month is exceeded then contributions to the state pensions scheme become mandatory.